In the 12th century the Slavs founded their first own state in Serbia. Over the next centuries the country was mostly governed by foreign rulers, as the former empire of Austria-Hungary or the Ottoman Empire.
In the late 19th century it came to the proclamation of the Kingdom of Serbia. After the First World War in 1918 Serbia became part of Yugoslavia.Landscapes in Serbia Tensions between the ethnic groups of the Serbian forces and the Kosovan liberation Army led to the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991.
Gradually, the individual member states of Yugoslavia gained independence. Although the end of the war was sealed in 1999 it came to confrontations.
From 2003 until 2006 the state union of Serbia-Montenegro existed. 2006 the Republic of Serbia was founded. In 1998/99 the Kosovo war took place. As a result, the region of Kosovo declared the independence from Serbia in 2008. Many states recognized the independence of Kosovo (including Germany), but Serbia has a different opinion.
More than 8% of Serbia are protected, with 5 national parks, 20 nature parks and 590 nature reserves.
The country is one of the largest raspberry suppliers in the world.
The Iron Gate was considered as the most dangerous stretch of the whole Danube (Gorge on the Danube) and could be traversed only by the help of locals.
Facts & Figures
Inhabitants 7,1 Million
Area 88 361 km²
Specialities Hearty barbecue dishes like Ćevapčići
Geography Much woodland divided by the rivers Danube and Sava. North: flat, fertile land. South: mountains, basin landscapes and river plains