The since the middle Ages existing Kingdom of Croatia came under foreign rule in the 12th century. In the 19th century the Austrian-Hungarian Empire ruled Croatia and after the First World War the Croats were incorporated into Yugoslavia in 1919.

1941 finally the independent state of Croatia was established. After WWII Croatia became part of Yugoslavia (today Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia). After the gradual disintegration of Yugoslavia Croatia became an independent country again in 1991.

Since Croatia was often ruled by various powers, different influences in the culture can still be recognised. The north was influenced by Austria. In the east you can find the influence of the Turks and on the Adriatic coast, the Venetian and the ancient 
 culture. Since July 2013 Croatia is part of the European Union.

Worth Knowing


The Pliwitzer lakes are one of the eight national parks. In the 1960s, the Winnetou films of Karl May were filmed here.

The most famous floodplain and wetland is called Kopacki rit, located in the triangle of the Danube, the river Drava and the city Osijek.

The dog breed Dalmatian was named 
after the region Dalmatia (pictured right). 
The elegant animals accompanied 
carriages of the noble society in order to 
protect travellers from thieves or wild 

Facts & Figures


Capital Zagreb

Language Croatian

Currency Kuna

Inhabitants 4,5 Million

Area 56 542 km²

Specialities Very varied (meat and fish specialties, Cevapcici, hearty 

Geography Varied landscape with approx. 1 000 
Islands, flat plains and mountains

Famous Personalities


Nikola Tesla Inventor of the alternating current

Fausta Vrančića Designer of the first parachute